Simple Present Tense


Simple Present tense is a form of verb that is used to show some contexts of action: habitual action, scheduled action and general truth or fact. These contexts or actions are described with the use of verb 1 or base verb. See the examples below:

  1. Azzam Al-Fatih reads the Quran everyday (scheduled)
  2. They study in group once every month (scheduled)
  3. She likes to plant various kinds of flower (habit)
  4. The water flows from the river to the ocean (fact)

What we need to know after understanding the purpose is the way to use the base verb or verb 1. This base verb has two forms, singular and plural. The singular base verb is indicated by the addition of -s in the final position of the verb (see examples 1, 3 and 4). This singular verb always follow singular pronoun such as he, she, it or name of people or things. While the plural verb doesn’t need any additional letter or words (see example 2). The plural verb follows I, You, They, We.


Please modify the word in brackets by using simple present tense.

  1. He always (make) his mother happy.
  2. They regularly (create) a new innovation
  3. She (feed) the fishes in the pond every morning
  4. We (love) to make drama for a classroom role play
  5. I (pray) five times a day

Defeating Bullies

Passage by Araina Hardin

Poster by Nadira Ratunanda & Shifa Rahma

Do you ever feel bullied? Or do you ever bully someone? What do you feel about doing that?

Sometimes someone do bullying things because they are mentally broken. They love to see people in suffer. Do you know people who do bully are actually people who ever been bullied?

The reality has changed and it makes them feel like having a power to bully the victims. They want to know how it feels and it’s like a revenge. But there are also people who are bullied but have no chance to change their lives. Do you know the impacts?


People can kill themselves. People can take so much blood from them. They release the pain by giving pain. You must have seen people who suffer caused by bullying. What do you see? You see people who feel like they have no one. They feel like they are unwanted in this life.

What if you bully? What will you say to them? “You are such a useless person”, “we don’t need you”, “you are as ugly as the ugliest thing on earth”. Sometimes people who do bully don’t mirror themselves. The victims are better than the disturber. But what do they think? The victims need to die because they don’t deserve to live.

Imagine life without bullies. It’s going to be peaceful and easy to live. There will be no victims, there will be no disturbers. All live together. But the fact is, how can it be? My country, Indonesia is in the fact known as one of the country that has high percentage of bullies. That ‘how can it be?’ question is one of the reasons why things won’t change. Let’s try to change it and open our mind. Maybe you think one person won’t give impact. But what if one person and others gather into one?