“Mary is as beautiful as a star. Her thick, wavy, long black hair gracefully falls down to her shoulders and encircles her diamond-shaped face. A golden suntan usually brings out her smooth, clear complexion and high cheek bones. Her slightly arched chestnut brown eyebrows highlight her emotions by moving up and down as she reacts to her world around her. Her large deep blue eyes, remind me of a lake on a stormy day. Her curved nose gives her a little girl look that makes me want to smile when she talks. When she smiles, which is often, her well formed and even, white teeth brighten up her whole face. I guess you can tell that I am head over heals in love with Mary.”

Wooo… how nice that man describes the girl he saw. Yeah… people have the ability to define what they know, see or feel. That’s why in terms of text production, we are introduced to a Description Text.

A description text describes the qualities, characteristics and parts of things as they personify the things we choose to describe.

When we compose this type of text, we firstly need to define the subject of our writing, and this process is done by identifying it into its category, group, or general thing it may belong to. We call the first process as IDENTIFICATION.

After doing the first stage, we can move to the detailed information about the topic we choose to compose. The second is named a DESCRIPTION. This stage will describe the quality, physical appearences, parts and other specific things owned by the subject.

Language Features

A description text talks about a natural and social phenomenon. These phenomena are facts which characteristics are never changed by the time. Thus, this text is mainly written with a simple present tense and adjectives in may parts of it. Study the examples below:


#Example 1

My cute little monkey keychain is my favorite keychain of all time. He hangs with my locker key for almost three months now. I got him from my mother when she came back from Singapore. He has brown fur on his body and lighter brown fur covering his toes, hands, face, ears, and tummy. He has a thick rope tied on his neck. He is very light to carry and not too small. I hang it to my keychain so that I won’t lose them because the monkey fits in my hands and pocket.

#Example 2:

Mount Vesuvius



Mount Vesuvius, on the west coast of Italy, is the only active volcano on mainland Europe. It is best known because of the eruption in A.D. 79 that destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Mount Vesuvius is considered to be one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world due to the large population of the city of Naples and the surrounding towns on the slopes nearby.

The volcano is classed as a complex stratovolcano because its eruptions typically involve explosive eruptions as well as pyroclastic flows. Vesuvius and other Italian volcanoes, such as Campi Flegrei and Stromboli, are part of the Campanian volcanic arc. The Campanian arc sits on a tectonic boundary where the African plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian plate.

Under Vesuvius, scientists have detected a tear in the African plate. This “slab window” allows heat from the Earth’s mantle layer to melt the rock of the African plate building up pressure that causes violent explosive eruptions. In the past, Mount Vesuvius has had a roughly 20-year eruption cycle, but the last serious eruption was in 1944.