The present continuous tense is formed with to be (is/am/are) and verb-ing. We use it to talk about:

A. The on-going or progressing event in the present or happening at the moment of speaking. Examples:

  • I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.
    Please be quiet. The children are sleeping

B. For something which we think is temporary:

  • Fatih is at university. He’s studying  literature.
    I’m working in UGM for the next two weeks.

C. For something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

  • These days most people are using WA or LINE instead of writing letters.
  • Many youngsters nowadays are expressing their thought with Vlog

D. Showing that something is changing or developing:

  • The children are growing quickly.
  • The climate is changing rapidly.
  • Your English is improving.

E. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future

  • Mary is going to a new school next term.
  • What are you doing next week?


She, He, It, Ali ——> is +  Ving

They, We, You ——> are + Ving

I —————–> am + Ving




Simple Present Tense


Simple Present tense is a form of verb that is used to show some contexts of action: habitual action, scheduled action and general truth or fact. These contexts or actions are described with the use of verb 1 or base verb. See the examples below:

  1. Azzam Al-Fatih reads the Quran everyday (scheduled)
  2. They study in group once every month (scheduled)
  3. She likes to plant various kinds of flower (habit)
  4. The water flows from the river to the ocean (fact)

What we need to know after understanding the purpose is the way to use the base verb or verb 1. This base verb has two forms, singular and plural. The singular base verb is indicated by the addition of -s in the final position of the verb (see examples 1, 3 and 4). This singular verb always follow singular pronoun such as he, she, it or name of people or things. While the plural verb doesn’t need any additional letter or words (see example 2). The plural verb follows I, You, They, We.


Please modify the word in brackets by using simple present tense.

  1. He always (make) his mother happy.
  2. They regularly (create) a new innovation
  3. She (feed) the fishes in the pond every morning
  4. We (love) to make drama for a classroom role play
  5. I (pray) five times a day