1. Imagery: It is the use of figurative language to create visual representations of actions, objects and ideas in our mind in such a way that they appeal to our physical senses. For example:
a. The room was dark and gloomy. -The words “dark” and “gloomy” are visual images.
b. The jungle is really fresh and green
2. Simile and Metaphor: Both compare two distinct objects and draws similarity between them. The difference is that Simile uses “as” or “like” and Metaphor does not. For example:
a. “My love is like a red red rose” (Simile)
b. He is an old fox very cunning. (Metaphor)
c. That you were Romeo you were throwing pebbles and my dad said stay away from Juliet (Metaphor)
3. Hyperbole: It is deliberate exaggeration of actions and ideas for the sake of emphasis. For example:
a. Your bag weighs a ton!
b. I have got a million issues to look after!
c. . You start to freeze as horror looks you right between the eyes
4. Personification: It gives a thing, an idea or an animal human qualities. For example:
a. The flowers are dancing beside the lake.
b. The wall of this room whispers a message to the owner
c. I just wanted to take this in, The moonlight dancin’ off your skin
5. Alliteration: It refers to the same consonant sounds in words coming together. For example:
a. Better butter always makes the batter better.
b. She sells seashells at seashore.
c.”This time, This place, Misused, Mistakes, Too long, Too late”
6. Irony: It is use of the words in such a way in which the intended meaning is completely opposite to their literal meaning. For example:
a. The bread is soft as a stone.
b. Your voice is a beautiful melody that can annihilate this house